- 1 Techno-Happiness: How to choose a dishwasher with an optimal set of programs
Techno-Happiness: How to choose a dishwasher with an optimal set of programs
If in your family, after the question "Who's going to wash the dishes today?" There is silence over the table, which means that you have not yet purchased a dishwasher. Not surprising. After all, according to statistics, only 2% of consumers of Russian consumers made their conscious choice in favor of this device. The rest do not consider it a matter of prime necessity. And after all, according to the calculations of the same extras, the presence of a dishwasher saves the hostess up to 300 hours a year - this is how much a woman spends on washing dishes. Thinking about buying this unit? We are ready to tell you how to choose a dishwasher.
The truth and myths about dishwashers
Citizens of the developed countries of the West genuinely wonder how you can have a washing machine, a vacuum cleaner, a good TV, but do not have a dishwasher. Among the reasons for such a low popularity of this unit in our country can be called myths about the dishwasher, which are widespread among housewives.
- Myth # 1: hand washing is more effective
Recent research has shown that plates, cups and pots washed in dishwashers are 1000 times cleaner. Try to wash the crystal vase with embossed ornament on its own. You will have to make an effort, but you are unlikely to achieve the same brightness and brilliance as when washing in a dishwasher.
- Myth number 2: dishwasher - entertainment for the rich people
It is not true. The dishwasher, of course, is more expensive than a food processor, but not more expensive than a good washing machine and definitely cheaper than a refrigerator. The dishwasher, depending on its equipment, will cost you between 400 and 1500 dollars.
- Myth # 3: a lot of water and electricity are wasted with the dishwasher, which is not economically viable
Of course, if you run a dishwashing program for 2-3 cups and saucers, it is really economically impractical. But if you turn on the machine once a day to wash all the dishes, you will notice that the water is spent no more, and less than in those times when this unit was not in your house. As for electricity, it requires a washing machine as well, but you do not refuse from the stylalki-machine?
Therefore, if you want to save precious hours of your life for more pleasant things, be sure to purchase a dishwasher. Today this unit is represented on the Russian market by brands that have already managed to prove themselves well. They are Candy, Miele, AEG, Ariston, Bosch, Whirpool, Electrolux, Indesit, Siemenes.
Dishwashers, as well as washing machines, are connected to the sewerage and water supply. It is better to entrust this matter to professionals, to avoid problems with flooding neighbors from the lower floor due to leakage of the unit. You can connect machines only to cold water, you can hot, you can both. But most often they are connected to a cold water pipe. It is believed that cold water is cleaner than hot water. But to connect the machine to a hot water pipe is more profitable: the machine does not have to spend electricity on heating water. But here there is one significant disadvantage: if hot water is disconnected, the dishes will have to be washed independently, and in cold water. To eliminate this trouble (after all, hot water can be disconnected for a long time), you can purchase a special mixer that allows the machine to work both from hot and cold water. It costs about $ 100.
Principle of operation of the unit
The principle of operation of this unit is as follows: First, the necessary amount of water is drawn from the water supply system. After this, the process of changing its rigidity to a specified level occurs. Further, a detergent is added from the special container, the container is heated to the required temperature by a solution of water and washing-up liquid.
All dishwashers are equipped with heaters (tubular heaters) or flow-through heaters. Dish warmers are equipped with dishwashers ASKO, ARISTON. Such heaters are immersed in water (as in an electric kettle), they are at the bottom of the chamber for dishes. Flowing water heaters in the products of BOSCH, MIELE, SIEMENS. They are located outside the chamber and are a tube that heats up from the outside. The flow-through heaters, of course, bring the water to the required temperature faster. But they consume a lot of electricity. What kind of dishwasher to choose - with a thief or flow-through heating - is up to you. But remember: when running a machine with running heat, it is undesirable to include other electrical appliances, if your wiring is not designed for this capacity. At best, it can knock out traffic jams, at worst, the wiring will burn out.
After the water has been heated, the detergent solution is supplied to the shower head over the top box and the rocker with holes. These rockers are hollow, and the holes in them are arranged so that the sprinkler rotates the water jets.
In the washing chamber, a circulation of foam liquid is formed - a solution of water with detergent.
The jets of water are very elastic, even a small glass does not hide, and will shine with purity.
The solution, having moistened the dishes and cleared it of the remains of food, carries the waste to the bottom of the chamber.
After the solution passes through the filter and is again fed into the sprinklers. The water circulates until the command is given to stop washing dishes.
Then the solution merges into the sewer, and the machine uses the same sprinklers to rinse the dishes with water or a special solution that gives shine and aroma.
How to dry washed dishes
Different washing methods are installed in different dishwashers. The cheapest method is provided in some models of dishwashers CANDY and ELECTROLUX. This method does not require additional energy costs: moisture evaporates from the surface of the warm dishes and condenses on the walls of the chamber, then drains to the bottom and is diverted to the sewer. In order to speed up drying, some models allow for the evacuation of moist air from the camera (some CANDY models are equipped with a Wash system Super Dry). ARISTON dishwashers are equipped with the Turbo Dry system - air is heated in the washing chamber and the dishes are dried.
Another drying system is the supply of room temperature air into the chamber (Turbo Dry system from AEG or Turbothermic Plus system from MIELE). Most of the moisture condenses in the machine itself and is discharged into the sink. If you decide to choose such a machine, be sure to specify where the air is supplied for drying. Many machines supply air from the space behind the back wall, which means that a lot of dust gets to the clean dishes. If you buy such a machine, make sure there is a good filter in the path of this air.
Dishwashers with a heat exchanger dry the dishes much faster than others. Want to know which dishwasher to choose?
Consumers assure that Bosch and Siemens are among the fastest and most qualitative units. The drying of these machines is megabasfast because the heat exchanger is located on the side wall. Cold water is poured into it, moist air condenses on the inner wall of the chamber and drains down into the drain. The dishes are dried in a closed space without external air supply, and the presence of a heat exchanger eliminates the "temperature shock", which does not need fragile utensils.
What dishwasher to choose for a kitchen: size matters
Today, dishwashers of three categories are produced: full-size, narrow, compact. Full-sized are designed for 12-14 sets of dishes, their dimensions are 60x60x85 cm. Narrow dishwashers differ from full-size widths (45 cm) and are designed for 6-9 sets of dishes. Compact models are designed for 4-5 sets of dishes and have dimensions of 45x55x45 cm.
You can choose a built-in dishwasher, you can prefer the technique of solo. The main thing is to decide on the size. It should be borne in mind that if your family consists of 3-5 people, then a day can accumulate more than 10 sets of dishes, as well as pans and pans. Therefore, it makes sense to take a car with a reserve of capacity. For more effective washing dishes it is better to turn on the machine 2 times a day. Thus, for a family of 3-5 people, a full-size model is best suited, and for 1-2 people you can choose a compact dishwasher.
How to choose a dishwasher with optimum functionality
Even children know that the dishes are of different degrees of pollution, and you can wash it in different ways. If these are glasses of juice, they need only be rinsed, and if it's a plate of meat with sauce or a pan, it will require a completely different washing program. In a good dishwasher, there are several modes of varying degrees of processing utensils. The unit determines the required duration of washing dishes, sets the desired temperature of the solution.
The most "smart" and expensive models of dishwashers solve puzzles on their own. The cheaper ones are equipped with a standard set of programs for washing, looking for a suitable (and sometimes 10-12) programs for the hostess herself. The more programs, the more universal the machine: you can precisely select the desired mode, which means saving time, water and electricity. Programs are programmed with a position switch or buttons on the control panel.
In all models there is a program "Normal", which is designed for washing ordinary kitchen and dining utensils, on which there are sacked food remnants. The water in this case is heated to 65 degrees. The program "Intensive" should be chosen for heavily soiled dishes. The water heats up to 75 degrees. In some models there is a program "After a meal", designed for washing dishes without any sacked food leftovers. This program saves 35% of the time and 20% of electricity compared to the standard program "Normal".
The "Econom" program allows you to reduce all costs when washing by 20% by reducing washing time. It is designed for not heavily soiled dishes. In some machines there is a program "Bio", which is designed for washing dishes using special detergents containing enzymes. These are additives that destroy fats, and allow washing heavily soiled dishes without high temperatures. Water is heated only up to 50 degrees. The program "Accelerated" heats water up to 40 degrees and is intended for washing tea utensils and glasses from thin glass or crystal. Some machines are equipped with a pre-rinse program.
Due to a wide variety of programs, dishwashers can quickly and efficiently wash not only tableware, but also details of household appliances (juicers, mixers, food processors), refrigerator shelves, baking plates and grill plates, kitchen extractor filters. Get a dishwasher, it's a technique you will not regret buying.